By now, you’ve probably heard about how U.S. District Judge Beryl Howell ruled that the removal of the wolf from the endangered list was “arbitrary and capricious” and violated the federal Endangered Species Act. And, with a stroke of a pen, returned the wolf to the endangered list and ended hunting and trapping seasons on them in Minnesota, Wisconsin and Michigan.
The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service dropped federal protections from those wolves in 2012 and handed over management to the states.
Effective immediately, wolves in these states can only be killed in defense of human life.
Wolves now revert to the federal protection status they had prior to being removed from the endangered species list in the Great Lakes region in January 2012. That means wolves now are federally classified as threatened.
Outdoorsmen and women everywhere need to stand up and say “enough’s enough.” The Feds, once again, have gone back on a promise to conservationists in America, thanks to one liberal judge. I’m not the only one who’s saying this, but it’s flat-out wrong.
First, the facts:
Current estimates put wolf populations at the following numbers:
Minnesota: 2,400+ wolves.
Wisconsin: 660 wolves.
Michigan’s Upper Peninsula: 636 wolves.
Ontario: 8,000 to 10,000 wolves.
Wolves are not endangered. Not even close.
What everyone forgets here is that the original plan was to allow a sustained population of 250 wolves in Wisconsin a population that would be “socially acceptable.” This was changed after a federal judge allowed the management process to be stalled in the courts (my faulty memory thinks this happened about 20 years ago). Then, in 1999, when formulating a wolf recovery plan, Wisconsin arbitrarily set a goal of 350 to qualify the wolf as “recovered.”
In any event, we had a deal with the Feds at that point. When the population exceeded that number, we needed to come in and allow hunters and trappers manage the resource ‹ much like we manage the deer herd.
Well, the Feds turned their backs on the deal — anti-hunters and liberal lawmakers got further involved and the wolf population exploded. By 2012, Wisconsin had well in excess of 800 wolves (some research biologists I know put the estimate closer to 1,000+). Three times too many that would be socially acceptable. So, the hunt/trapping season was finally allowed. And, year by year, it has worked.
Going into this fall’s hunt/trap season Wisconsin had about 650 wolves, but that is still nearly two times the number of wolves that we agreed upon. Now, lately, a survey has surfaced indicating that a majority of residents (59%) do not want to see the wolf population reduced any further. This, in my opinion, was a flawed survey and flawed thinking.
The thinking, however, is one that should be easily quieted by simply pointing to our other main wildlife resource: whitetails.
But I digress. How many wolves could Wisconsin, for example, support from a habitat perspective? Probably 1,000 to 1,200. That¹s absolute maximum carrying capacity. This is where the situation mirrors what is happening with our white-tailed deer herd.
The best habitat in the state can support about 35 deer per square mile before significant harm is caused to the ecosystem. Unfortunately, landowners and managers allowed deer herds of much higher densities to exist for many years in the 1990s and early 2000s. Here in our area, we had some pockets with deer densities of 100 deer per square mile. Just like the wolves … that’s 3X too many. What happened?
Well, our forests have been significantly altered to the point where almost all of the understory is comprised of invasive species (buckthorn, sumac, bush honeysuckle, Japanese barberry). That was not sound wildlife management, but it wasn¹t the DNR¹s fault — they took drastic measures (because they were mandated by state law to do so) to bring the herd down to goals.
The plan (along with two consecutive harsh winters) worked in getting the herd down to goal or under goal throughout most of the state. At one point in the 2000s, we were experienced 40,000 + car-deer accidents here in Wisconsin. Ask any landowner, and they¹ll tell you that white pine, oak, cedar and myriad other trees and plant species are all but lost causes for regeneration sans an 8-foot high fence around a property.
The larger point here is this:
We need wolves. Aldo Leopold taught us that. No one is questioning it. Yes, wolves have a place on the landscape, but they need to be managed with as much care (actually more) than any other wildlife species we have because of their standing as the apex predator on the landscape.
States have wildlife departments for good reason. Let our trained wildlife managers do their jobs. One federal judge’s distorted opinion should not dictate wildlife management for the masses.
Check it out: Great download for predator hunters!