i made all my bedding with a chainsaw. that is, the bedding deer didnt already use, like the horizontal tree. that i saw by happenstance get used while on stand in sight of it during the rut midday. my property is thick as it is though, an aging clearcut of aspen and others. planting hemlock where moisture holding soils are is excellent bedding, especially bordering slews of redtwig. cedars work great too, and firs, but the problems with deer eatting them before they establish is one you will likely encounter if you got too many deer in your woods. most people dont think they do in wisconie, but then they try to plant these species and the deer destroy them - wonder why??[:)][8|]
if you are trying to build sancuarys, first cut the doe herd down big time, if not out of the picture all together. i know that is harsh but bucks will move in and if you have any neighbors that dont shoot does around you wont skip a beat. you will have theirs move right in. trust me, your gonna need the help that few deer offer to plant trees. deer use the best cover and food available, period. they spiral out and find it, thats why they say "plant it and they will come." they can destroy your conif plantings in one winter, depending on its size of course. remember, every deer eats 2-3% of its body wieght and in a year that averages one ton per deer. they eat a lot!!!
only if we had antler point restrictions...
try not to become a man of success, but a man of value.