JPH, that's a good question, and something I've always wondered too. A chunk of land that I hunt at my parents, well, my parents has an outside wood stove and the wind has to blow a certain way for the smoke to get to where I actually hunt, but I wonder how they react to that. I would assume that they are used to it, and it doesn't affect their movement. As far as a deer camp, I would say that maybe they might be negatively affected by it. They might put one and one together and put the stove smell with hunters? Just my opinion. Obviously this would just affect hunting close to camp...But then again if you have that smell on your clothes and you are farther from camp, that would be a negative as well.
Many times, what determines how a specific deer will react to an odor has to do more with CONTEXT and past experiences with that scent. Case in point:
My farmer buddy who owns the place we hunt in Brown County smokes, and smells like diesel fuel most of the time. He can walk around the sheds by the old farmhouse we stay in (which is in the middle of the property, so for us to begin hunting, all we have to do is walk out the back door and grab a gun), and the same deer that run from us "scent-free" hunters if they are near the house, will just stand there and LOOK at his smelly old body!
Now...he is up at those sheds most everyday, ALL year long, so they don't associate him with danger.
I live on 5 acres, with woods on 3 sides on me. The same deer that I can walk within 25 yards of if they are in my front yard as I walk to the barn every morning to feed, will snort, blow, and act like godzilla is after them if I walk up my driveway at 10 pm to put the recycle box out on the road! Like I said...CONTEXT. They always smell me by the barn, during the day. If they wind me at night, they probably wonder, what this old SOB is doing out in the dark at 10:00!
One time, just for giggles, I tried something different with them. There were 4 deer in the yard, 25 yards or so away, that watched me walk to my barn. They went back to feeding after I went in the barn and closed the door. I then snuck out the back, and went into the woods just east of them, about 50 yards away, and let my scent blow over to them. The about turned inside out getting the heck out of there! I WASN'T where I was supposed to be!