I have to say that what defines a "trophy hunt" and what defines a "trophy deer" are two entirely different things. And although I know what you meant when you wrote your post, I just wanted to use that distinction as a lead-in.
All hunts and all deer are "trophies" to me, including does. A hunt is special time away in the woods, with family, with friends, or alone. Even if I don't see a deer, every hunt is great and every hunt produces something. In that light, I also don't like to label hunts as "successful" just because I shot a deer and "unsuccessful" because I didn't. You will learn something about that stand and about those deer, just as much by seeing one as not seeing one.
But what makes a trophy animal really is all about what it is to each hunter. My first bow kill buck was a 95 inch 8 pointer I shot the second year I ever bow hunted. Probably will be the best trophy I ever take just based on the experience and the nestalgia of being the first buck, as I'm sure we all share. I shot a buck last year opening day that although is not the age or antler quality I usually aim for, was still a great deer and the trophy of the year for me. He was injured, hit by a car, and most definately going to crawl in the brush 50 yards past my stand and die. I elected to shoot him, which cost me some extremely large bucks later in November, but I never felt bad about that decision. One of the best hunts I ever had was a hunt I did with my brother late season. I shot a doe, and not many people mount a doe on the wall, but pictures of me and my brother next to that doe hang on the wall next to my antlers. We can get lost watching hunting shows and reading magazines, feeling like the only thing we can call a trophy is a boone and crocket entry. And I know most of you guys here on the website don't look at trophies that way, but I talk to too many people in every day life who think and feel that way about "trophy" bucks.