Here are examples of what foresters would describe as junk trees. The first is an ash. Note that you can see from the trunk that it is a dying ash--ash trees cannot survive to maturity because of the emerald ash borer, so would not be a tree that you would target to sustain in a classic TSI situation. But for deer habitat, I want as many a=of these stumps sprouting ash browse as possible. The more variety there is in my woods, the more utilization I will get by deer, who naturally desire varied food sources. Look at the florid growth coming off the stump. This is much more robust growth than you can get from the ground. The reason is that the root system of this tree grew to support a very large tree, and now it is providing food at a far faster rate, in a more renewable form, that deer can use as a permanent feeding station. Nor does this prevent robust growth of seedlings. There are thousands of ash seedlings in the area.
Here is a maple tree. Maples are a shade resistant tree that will often be one of the few species found in the understory of a canopied woods. Deer develop a tremendous appetite for maple browse. Again, this is a tremendous resource for deer. Most foresters would recommend that this tree be removed and many would even have you treat the stump to kill it so it does not sprout like this. Whether you do that or not depends on what your goals are, which may or may not be to produce timber.
Here is a basswood tree. Without question a tree that is not a target timber species, but has no peer in my area as the most preferred browse for deer. I don't know any other method to produce so much desirable woody browse for deer that is so robust that it will continue to withstand even hard browsing because of the extensive root system feeding it. By the way, the only reason this basswood was ever able to grow is because it was right next to a road and therefore not as accessible to the deer. In the main part of the woodlots there have been few new basswoods produced in the last 50 years.
This area weas a deer desert prior to hinge cutting. You can see in this before picture that there was virtually no food and cover for deer in this area. Now it has dozens of species of woody browse and forbs growing at deer's eye level that were stored in the seed bank.
I think jph has done a great job with his woods. However, there are alternative approaches to providing more varied cover and food sources for deer. Which approach one takes depends on what the goals are.
In my case I could not care less if these small wood lots ever produce another money tree. The number one money tree here is walnut from a TSI standpoint, but they are not as desirable from a deer habitat standpoint because they suppress growth of understory species, diminishing both food and cover in my woods. I have made the personal economic decision that the property is more valuable to me as wildlife habitat than for growing timber. With that said, we dod leave some walnuts standing in this spot
If you look at a hinge cut area vs. a TSI area, I would argue you will see as much as if not more regeneration of natural habitat as a TSI area.