hey doeEyed, i dont know if you're into qdm or trophy deer mang. (tdm), but if you are truely into qdm, caring about what is healthy for the deer in their environment is more important to you than all other factors. many many people care about antlers or just seeing many deer and when these things influence your management decisions it isnt qdm, its now tdm that you are up to. tdm and traditionalists both manage deer for what best makes the hunters happy. if this is you - then any old answer will do from shooting every doe to shooting no does.
considering that you wanna balance the herd itself and with the habitat, the only way to know for sure is to get the best idea of the herd using any and all tools u can get. i use cams on my land. i also live on my land, which aids greatly.
you will know when you're doing it right in time to come cuz it'll be torn up come october, no browse lines, the does wont have their ribs sticking out in september, and body size per age will be thru the roof. i personally took 7 does off my 20 acres last year, and my friend took 1. i have permission to hunt my neighbors 160 adjoining and have yet to need to. my deer density is still rediculous but sex structure is improving. last year i had no bucks on my plots thru summer and this year i had 5 yearlings, 1 2.5yr old, and a 3.5 yr old. plus does and fawns.
if ya wanna get info from the horses mouth - go to qdma's website. oh yeah, also if your packed with does until rut, then just see a few bucks, that's tell tale that you need to slam the does. if thats your case start there. pm me for more i know its long but ive lived in areas with balanced herds and without both in and outta state- ive seen alot! will help if needed.
only if we had antler point restrictions...
try not to become a man of success, but a man of value.