I know that a good many states do use an honor, call-in system; however, there are still a goodly number that require having the field-dressed carcass checked in. In the county I hunt, we are dealing with CWD, so many check-in stations are manned by DNR biologists during the first several days of the season and they take tissue samples of each deer checked-in during that period and then, about 10 days later, you can go on-line to their web site and check your number to find out if your deer had CWD. Of course, by that time, I've already butchered mine and perhaps even eaten some of it. As a caution, if I were to spot a scrawny-looking, sickly, but otherwise legal deer, I'd probably shoot it, but wait for the DNR results prior to doing anything with the meat. Haven't run into that yet, though. Thank the Lord.
It isn't what happens to us, it is how we deal with it, that matters most.